ChartDirector 6.0 (C++ Edition)

Color Round Meters


          

This example demonstrates round meters in various gradient colors, as well as various color scales, and different types of scale angles.

The background color in this example changes from a specified color at the border, to a brighter version of the color at the center. The brighter color is derived from the specified color using BaseChart.adjustBrightness. To achieve the radial gradient effect, these two colors are passed to AngularMeter.relativeRadialGradient to create a radial gradient color. The gradient color is then passed to AngularMeter.addRing to fill the background.

Two different scale angle configurations are demonstrated in this example. They are set using AngularMeter.setMeter.

BaseMeter.addColorScale is used to create the color scales in all the meters, with one exception which uses AngularMeter.addZone instead.

For meters of which the bottom is vacant, a text box is added using BaseChart.addText to display the meter value.

Source Code Listing

[The following code is available in "cppdemo/colorroundmeter". A MFC version of the code is available in "mfcdemo/mfcdemo" (Windows edition only). A QT version of the code is available in "qtdemo/qtdemo".]
#include "chartdir.h"

void createChart(int chartIndex, const char *filename)
{
    // The value to display on the meter
    double value = 72.3;

    // The background and border colors of the meters
    int bgColor[] = {0x88ccff, 0xffdddd, 0xffddaa, 0xffccff, 0xdddddd, 0xccffcc};
    int borderColor[] = {0x000077, 0x880000, 0xee6600, 0x440088, 0x000000, 0x006000};

    // Create an AngularMeter object of size 250 x 250 pixels with transparent background
    AngularMeter *m = new AngularMeter(250, 250, Chart::Transparent);

    // Demonstration two different meter scale angles
    if (chartIndex % 2 == 0) {
        // Center at (125, 125), scale radius = 111 pixels, scale angle -140 to +140 degrees
        m->setMeter(125, 125, 111, -140, 140);
    } else {
        // Center at (125, 125), scale radius = 111 pixels, scale angle -180 to +90 degrees
         m->setMeter(125, 125, 111, -180, 90);
    }

    // Background gradient color with brighter color at the center
    double bgGradient[] = {0, (double)(m->adjustBrightness(bgColor[chartIndex], 3)), 0.75, (double)(
        bgColor[chartIndex])};
    // Add circle with radius 123 pixels as background using the background gradient
    m->addRing(0, 123, m->relativeRadialGradient(DoubleArray(bgGradient, (int)(sizeof(bgGradient) /
        sizeof(bgGradient[0])))));
    // Add a ring between radii 116 and 123 pixels as border
    m->addRing(116, 123, borderColor[chartIndex]);

    // Meter scale is 0 - 100, with major/minor/micro ticks every 10/5/1 units
    m->setScale(0, 100, 10, 5, 1);

    // Set the scale label style to 15pt Arial Italic. Set the major/minor/micro tick lengths to
    // 12/9/6 pixels pointing inwards, and their widths to 2/1/1 pixels.
    m->setLabelStyle("ariali.ttf", 15);
    m->setTickLength(-12, -9, -6);
    m->setLineWidth(0, 2, 1, 1);

    // Demostrate different types of color scales and putting them at different positions
    double smoothColorScale[] = {0, 0x3333ff, 25, 0x0088ff, 50, 0x00ff00, 75, 0xdddd00, 100,
        0xff0000};
    double stepColorScale[] = {0, 0x00cc00, 60, 0xffdd00, 80, 0xee0000, 100};
    double highLowColorScale[] = {0, 0x00ff00, 70, Chart::Transparent, 100, 0xff0000};

    if (chartIndex == 0) {
        // Add the smooth color scale at the default position
        m->addColorScale(DoubleArray(smoothColorScale, (int)(sizeof(smoothColorScale) / sizeof(
            smoothColorScale[0]))));
    } else if (chartIndex == 1) {
        // Add the smooth color scale starting at radius 62 with zero width and ending at radius 40
        // with 22 pixels outer width
        m->addColorScale(DoubleArray(smoothColorScale, (int)(sizeof(smoothColorScale) / sizeof(
            smoothColorScale[0]))), 62, 0, 40, 22);
    } else if (chartIndex == 2) {
        // Add green, yellow and red zones between radii 44 and 60
        m->addZone(0, 60, 44, 60, 0x00dd00);
        m->addZone(60, 80, 44, 60, 0xffff00);
        m->addZone(80, 100, 44, 60, 0xff0000);
    } else if (chartIndex == 3) {
        // Add the high/low color scale at the default position
        m->addColorScale(DoubleArray(highLowColorScale, (int)(sizeof(highLowColorScale) / sizeof(
            highLowColorScale[0]))));
    } else if (chartIndex == 4) {
        // Add the smooth color scale at radius 44 with 16 pixels outer width
        m->addColorScale(DoubleArray(smoothColorScale, (int)(sizeof(smoothColorScale) / sizeof(
            smoothColorScale[0]))), 44, 16);
    } else {
        // Add the step color scale at the default position
        m->addColorScale(DoubleArray(stepColorScale, (int)(sizeof(stepColorScale) / sizeof(
            stepColorScale[0]))));
    }

    // Add a text label centered at (125, 175) with 15pt Arial Italic font
    m->addText(125, 175, "CPU", "ariali.ttf", 15, Chart::TextColor, Chart::Center);

    // Add a readout to some of the charts as demonstration
    if (chartIndex == 0 || chartIndex == 2) {
        // Put the value label center aligned at (125, 232), using white (0xffffff) 14pt Arial font
        // on a black (0x000000) background. Set box width to 50 pixels with 5 pixels rounded
        // corners.
        TextBox *t = m->addText(125, 232, m->formatValue(value,
            "<*block,width=50,halign=center*>{value|1}"), "arial.ttf", 14, 0xffffff,
            Chart::BottomCenter);
        t->setBackground(0x000000);
        t->setRoundedCorners(5);
    }

    // Add a red (0xff0000) pointer at the specified value
    m->addPointer2(value, 0xff0000);

    // Output the chart
    m->makeChart(filename);

    //free up resources
    delete m;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    createChart(0, "colorroundmeter0.png");
    createChart(1, "colorroundmeter1.png");
    createChart(2, "colorroundmeter2.png");
    createChart(3, "colorroundmeter3.png");
    createChart(4, "colorroundmeter4.png");
    createChart(5, "colorroundmeter5.png");
    return 0;
}