ChartDirector 6.0 (C++ Edition)

Line with Error Symbols




This example demonstrates combining a line layer with a box-whisker layer to draw a line with error symbols.

The blue line and the yellow diamond symbols are from the line layer, created using XYChart.addLineLayer2, Layer.addDataSet, and DataSet.setDataSymbol.

The error symbols come from the box-whisker layer, created using XYChart.addBoxWhiskerLayer. In this example, the "box" parts of the box- whisker symbols are disabled by setting the data for the box and median to empty arrays. As a result, only the "whisker" parts of the box-whisker symbols are visible and they become the error symbols.

The maximum and minimum marks in this example is computed by adding/subtracting the error value to/from the data value using a ChartDirector utility class ArrayMath.

Source Code Listing

[The following code is available in "cppdemo/errline". A MFC version of the code is available in "mfcdemo/mfcdemo" (Windows edition only). A QT version of the code is available in "qtdemo/qtdemo".]
#include "chartdir.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    // The data with error information
    double data[] = {42, 49, 33, 38, 51, 46, 29, 41, 44, 57, 59, 52, 37, 34, 51, 56, 56, 60, 70, 76,
        63, 67, 75, 64, 51};
    double errData[] = {5, 6, 5.1, 6.5, 6.6, 8, 5.4, 5.1, 4.6, 5.0, 5.2, 6.0, 4.9, 5.6, 4.8, 6.2,
        7.4, 7.1, 6.0, 6.6, 7.1, 5.3, 5.5, 7.9, 6.1};

    // The labels for the chart
    const char *labels[] = {"0", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9", "10", "11", "12",
        "13", "14", "15", "16", "17", "18", "19", "20", "21", "22", "23", "24"};

    // Create a XYChart object of size 600 x 300 pixels, with a light grey (eeeeee) background,
    // black border, 1 pixel 3D border effect and rounded corners.
    XYChart *c = new XYChart(600, 300, 0xeeeeee, 0x000000, 1);
    c->setRoundedFrame();

    // Set the plotarea at (55, 55) and of size 520 x 195 pixels, with white (ffffff) background.
    // Set horizontal and vertical grid lines to grey (cccccc).
    c->setPlotArea(55, 55, 520, 195, 0xffffff, -1, -1, 0xcccccc, 0xcccccc);

    // Add a title box to the chart using 15pt Times Bold Italic font. The title is in CDML and
    // includes embedded images for highlight. The text is on a light grey (dddddd) background, with
    // glass lighting effect.
    c->addTitle(
        "<*block,valign=absmiddle*><*img=star.png*><*img=star.png*> Molecular Temperature Control "
        "<*img=star.png*><*img=star.png*><*/*>", "timesbi.ttf", 15)->setBackground(0xdddddd, 0,
        Chart::glassEffect());

    // Add a title to the y axis
    c->yAxis()->setTitle("Temperature");

    // Add a title to the x axis using CMDL
    c->xAxis()->setTitle("<*block,valign=absmiddle*><*img=clock.png*>  Elapsed Time (hour)<*/*>");

    // Set the labels on the x axis.
    c->xAxis()->setLabels(StringArray(labels, (int)(sizeof(labels) / sizeof(labels[0]))));

    // Display 1 out of 3 labels on the x-axis. Show minor ticks for remaining labels.
    c->xAxis()->setLabelStep(3, 1);

    // Set the axes width to 2 pixels
    c->xAxis()->setWidth(2);
    c->yAxis()->setWidth(2);

    // Add a line layer to the chart
    LineLayer *lineLayer = c->addLineLayer();

    // Add a blue (0xff) data set to the line layer, with yellow (0xffff80) diamond symbols
    lineLayer->addDataSet(DoubleArray(data, (int)(sizeof(data) / sizeof(data[0]))), 0x0000ff
        )->setDataSymbol(Chart::DiamondSymbol, 12, 0xffff80);

    // Set the line width to 2 pixels
    lineLayer->setLineWidth(2);

    // Add a box whisker layer to the chart. Use the upper and lower mark of the box whisker layer
    // to act as error zones. The upper and lower marks are computed using the ArrayMath object.
    BoxWhiskerLayer *errLayer = c->addBoxWhiskerLayer(DoubleArray(), DoubleArray(), ArrayMath(
        DoubleArray(data, (int)(sizeof(data) / sizeof(data[0])))).add(DoubleArray(errData, (int)(
        sizeof(errData) / sizeof(errData[0])))), ArrayMath(DoubleArray(data, (int)(sizeof(data) /
        sizeof(data[0])))).sub(DoubleArray(errData, (int)(sizeof(errData) / sizeof(errData[0])))),
        DoubleArray(data, (int)(sizeof(data) / sizeof(data[0]))), Chart::Transparent, 0xbb6633);

    // Set the line width to 2 pixels
    errLayer->setLineWidth(2);

    // Set the error zone to occupy half the space between the symbols
    errLayer->setDataGap(0.5);

    // Add a custom CDML text at the bottom right of the plot area as the logo
    c->addText(575, 247,
        "<*block,valign=absmiddle*><*img=small_molecule.png*> <*block*>"
        "<*font=timesbi.ttf,size=10,color=804040*>Molecular\nEngineering<*/*>")->setAlignment(
        Chart::BottomRight);

    // Output the chart
    c->makeChart("errline.png");

    //free up resources
    delete c;
    return 0;
}