ChartDirector 6.2 (.NET Edition)

Simple Realtime Chart (Web)




NOTE: This section describes Simple Realtime Chart for web applications only. For Windows applications, please refer to Simple Realtime Chart (Windows).

This sample program demonstrates a realtime chart with configurable chart update rate, in which the chart image is being updated via streaming.

The chart is updated by calling JsChartViewer.streamUpdate on the browser side. This method sends a "stream update request" to the server to update the chart image without refreshing the web page. The charting code in the server always draws the chart using the most up-to-date data. By using a timer to call JsChartViewer.streamUpdate periodically, we can get a real time chart.

On the server side, WebChartViewer.IsStreamRequest (for ASP.NET Web Forms) or RazorChartViewer.IsStreamRequest (for ASP.NET MVC) is used to determine if the current request is a normal page request or is a stream update request. In the latter case, only the updated chart needs to be streamed back with WebChartViewer.StreamChart or RazorChartViewer.StreamChart.

[ASP.NET Web Forms]
    // If is streaming request, output the chart immediately and terminate the page
    if (WebChartViewer.IsStreamRequest(Page)) {
        WebChartViewer1.StreamChart();
    }

[ASP.NET MVC (Razor)]
    // If is streaming request, output the chart only
    if (RazorChartViewer.IsStreamRequest(Request)) {
        return File(viewer.StreamChart(), Response.ContentType);
    }

WebChartViewer.StreamChart internally calls the ASP.NET Response.End method to immediately terminate the page after streaming the chart, as the rest of the page processing is not necessary in streaming.

Note that the streaming method used in this example can only update the chart image, but not the image map or the Javascript Chart Model, so the chart would not have image map or track cursor features. An alternative is to use AJAX chart update, which has higher overhead but can support image maps and track cursors. Please refer to Realtime Chart with Track Line (Web) for an example.

NOTE: This sample script uses "cdjcv.js". When developing your own script using this sample script as a template, please ensure you copy "cdjcv.js" to the proper directory and reference it using the proper path.

Source Code Listing

[ASP.NET Web Forms - C# version] NetWebCharts\CSharpASP\realtimedemo.aspx
(Click here on how to convert this code to code-behind style.)
<%@ Page Language="C#" Debug="true" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="ChartDirector" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="chart" Namespace="ChartDirector" Assembly="netchartdir" %>

<script runat="server">

//
// Draw the chart
//
private void drawChart(WebChartViewer viewer)
{
    //
    // Data to draw the chart. In this demo, the data buffer will be filled by a random data
    // generator. In real life, the data is probably stored in a buffer (eg. a database table, a
    // text file, or some global memory) and updated by other means.
    //

    // We use a data buffer to emulate the last 240 samples.
    int sampleSize = 240;
    double[] dataSeries1 = new double[sampleSize];
    double[] dataSeries2 = new double[sampleSize];
    double[] dataSeries3 = new double[sampleSize];
    DateTime[] timeStamps = new DateTime[sampleSize];

    // Our pseudo random number generator
    DateTime firstDate = DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(-timeStamps.Length);
    for(int i = 0; i < timeStamps.Length; ++i) {
        timeStamps[i] = firstDate.AddSeconds(i);
        double p = timeStamps[i].Ticks / 10000000;
        dataSeries1[i] = Math.Cos(p * 2.1) * 10 + 1 / (Math.Cos(p) * Math.Cos(p) + 0.01) + 20;
        dataSeries2[i] = 100 * Math.Sin(p / 27.7) * Math.Sin(p / 10.1) + 150;
        dataSeries3[i] = 100 * Math.Cos(p / 6.7) * Math.Cos(p / 11.9) + 150;
    }

    // Create an XYChart object 600 x 270 pixels in size, with light grey (f4f4f4) background, black
    // (000000) border, 1 pixel raised effect, and with a rounded frame.
    XYChart c = new XYChart(600, 270, 0xf4f4f4, 0x000000, 0);
    c.setRoundedFrame();

    // Set the plotarea at (55, 62) and of size 520 x 175 pixels. Use white (ffffff) background.
    // Enable both horizontal and vertical grids by setting their colors to grey (cccccc). Set
    // clipping mode to clip the data lines to the plot area.
    c.setPlotArea(55, 62, 520, 175, 0xffffff, -1, -1, 0xcccccc, 0xcccccc);
    c.setClipping();

    // Add a title to the chart using 15pt Times New Roman Bold Italic font, with a light grey
    // (dddddd) background, black (000000) border, and a glass like raised effect.
    c.addTitle("Field Intensity at Observation Satellite", "Times New Roman Bold Italic", 15
        ).setBackground(0xdddddd, 0x000000, Chart.glassEffect());

    // Add a legend box at the top of the plot area with 9pt Arial Bold font. We set the legend box
    // to the same width as the plot area and use grid layout (as opposed to flow or top/down
    // layout). This distributes the 3 legend icons evenly on top of the plot area.
    LegendBox b = c.addLegend2(55, 33, 3, "Arial Bold", 9);
    b.setBackground(Chart.Transparent, Chart.Transparent);
    b.setWidth(520);

    // Configure the y-axis with a 10pt Arial Bold axis title
    c.yAxis().setTitle("Intensity (V/m)", "Arial Bold", 10);

    // Configure the x-axis to auto-scale with at least 75 pixels between major tick and 15 pixels
    // between minor ticks. This shows more minor grid lines on the chart.
    c.xAxis().setTickDensity(75, 15);

    // Set the axes width to 2 pixels
    c.xAxis().setWidth(2);
    c.yAxis().setWidth(2);

    // Set the x-axis label format
    c.xAxis().setLabelFormat("{value|hh:nn:ss}");

    // Create a line layer to plot the lines
    LineLayer layer = c.addLineLayer2();

    // The x-coordinates are the timeStamps.
    layer.setXData(timeStamps);

    // The 3 data series are used to draw 3 lines. Here we put the latest data values as part of the
    // data set name, so you can see them updated in the legend box.
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries1, 0xff0000, c.formatValue(dataSeries1[dataSeries1.Length - 1],
        "Alpha: <*bgColor=FFCCCC*> {value|2} "));
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries2, 0x00cc00, c.formatValue(dataSeries2[dataSeries2.Length - 1],
        "Beta: <*bgColor=CCFFCC*> {value|2} "));
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries3, 0x0000ff, c.formatValue(dataSeries3[dataSeries3.Length - 1],
        "Gamma: <*bgColor=CCCCFF*> {value|2} "));

    // Output the chart
    viewer.Image = c.makeWebImage(Chart.PNG);
}

//
// Page Load event handler
//
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    // Draw chart using the most update data
    drawChart(WebChartViewer1);

    // If is streaming request, output the chart immediately and terminate the page
    if (WebChartViewer.IsStreamRequest(Page)) {
        WebChartViewer1.StreamChart();
    }
}

</script>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Simple Realtime Chart</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="cdjcv.js"></script>
</head>
<body style="margin:0px">
<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0">
    <tr>
        <td align="right" colspan="2" style="background:#000088; color:#ffff00; padding:0px 4px 2px 0px;">
            <a style="color:#FFFF00; font:italic bold 10pt Arial; text-decoration:none" href="http://www.advsofteng.com/">
                Advanced Software Engineering
            </a>
        </td>
    </tr>
    <tr valign="top">
        <td style="width:130px; background:#c0c0ff; border-right:black 1px solid; border-bottom:black 1px solid;">
            <br />
            <br />
            <div style="font:12px Verdana; padding:10px;">
                <b>Update Period</b><br />
                <select id="UpdatePeriod" style="width:110px">
                    <option value="5">5</option>
                    <option value="10" selected="selected">10</option>
                    <option value="20">20</option>
                    <option value="30">30</option>
                    <option value="60">60</option>
                </select>
                <br /><br /><br />
                <b>Time Remaining</b><br />
                <div style="width:108px; border:#888888 1px inset;">
                    <div style="margin:3px" id="TimeRemaining">0</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </td>
        <td>
            <div style="font: bold 20pt Arial; margin:5px 0px 0px 5px;">
                Simple Realtime Chart
            </div>
            <hr style="border:solid 1px #000080" />
            <div style="padding:0px 5px 5px 10px">
                <chart:WebChartViewer id="WebChartViewer1" runat="server" />
            </div>
        </td>
    </tr>
</table>
<script type="text/javascript">

//
// Executes once every second to update the countdown display. Updates the chart when the countdown reaches 0.
//
function timerTick()
{
    // Get the update period and the time left
    var updatePeriod = parseInt(document.getElementById("UpdatePeriod").value);
    var timeLeft = Math.min(parseInt(document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML), updatePeriod) - 1;

    if (timeLeft == 0)
        // Can update the chart now
        JsChartViewer.get('<%=WebChartViewer1.ClientID%>').streamUpdate();
    else if (timeLeft < 0)
        // Reset the update period
        timeLeft += updatePeriod;

    // Update the countdown display
    document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML = timeLeft;
}
window.setInterval("timerTick()", 1000);

</script>
</body>
</html>

[ASP.NET Web Forms - VB Version] NetWebCharts\VBNetASP\realtimedemo.aspx
(Click here on how to convert this code to code-behind style.)
<%@ Page Language="VB" Debug="true" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="ChartDirector" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="chart" Namespace="ChartDirector" Assembly="netchartdir" %>

<script runat="server">

'
' Draw the chart
'
Private Sub drawChart(viewer As WebChartViewer)

    '
    ' Data to draw the chart. In this demo, the data buffer will be filled by a random data
    ' generator. In real life, the data is probably stored in a buffer (eg. a database table, a text
    ' file, or some global memory) and updated by other means.
    '

    ' We use a data buffer to emulate the last 240 samples.
    Dim sampleSize As Integer = 240
    Dim dataSeries1(sampleSize - 1) As Double
    Dim dataSeries2(sampleSize - 1) As Double
    Dim dataSeries3(sampleSize - 1) As Double
    Dim timeStamps(sampleSize - 1) As Date

    ' Our pseudo random number generator
    Dim firstDate As Date = DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(-timeStamps.Length)
    For i As Integer = 0 To UBound(timeStamps)
        timeStamps(i) = firstDate.AddSeconds(i)
        Dim p As Double = timeStamps(i).Ticks / 10000000
        dataSeries1(i) = Math.Cos(p * 2.1) * 10 + 1 / (Math.Cos(p) * Math.Cos(p) + 0.01) + 20
        dataSeries2(i) = 100 * Math.Sin(p / 27.7) * Math.Sin(p / 10.1) + 150
        dataSeries3(i) = 100 * Math.Cos(p / 6.7) * Math.Cos(p / 11.9) + 150
    Next

    ' Create an XYChart object 600 x 270 pixels in size, with light grey (f4f4f4) background, black
    ' (000000) border, 1 pixel raised effect, and with a rounded frame.
    Dim c As XYChart = New XYChart(600, 270, &Hf4f4f4, &H000000, 0)
    c.setRoundedFrame()

    ' Set the plotarea at (55, 62) and of size 520 x 175 pixels. Use white (ffffff) background.
    ' Enable both horizontal and vertical grids by setting their colors to grey (cccccc). Set
    ' clipping mode to clip the data lines to the plot area.
    c.setPlotArea(55, 62, 520, 175, &Hffffff, -1, -1, &Hcccccc, &Hcccccc)
    c.setClipping()

    ' Add a title to the chart using 15pt Times New Roman Bold Italic font, with a light grey
    ' (dddddd) background, black (000000) border, and a glass like raised effect.
    c.addTitle("Field Intensity at Observation Satellite", "Times New Roman Bold Italic", 15 _
        ).setBackground(&Hdddddd, &H000000, Chart.glassEffect())

    ' Add a legend box at the top of the plot area with 9pt Arial Bold font. We set the legend box
    ' to the same width as the plot area and use grid layout (as opposed to flow or top/down
    ' layout). This distributes the 3 legend icons evenly on top of the plot area.
    Dim b As LegendBox = c.addLegend2(55, 33, 3, "Arial Bold", 9)
    b.setBackground(Chart.Transparent, Chart.Transparent)
    b.setWidth(520)

    ' Configure the y-axis with a 10pt Arial Bold axis title
    c.yAxis().setTitle("Intensity (V/m)", "Arial Bold", 10)

    ' Configure the x-axis to auto-scale with at least 75 pixels between major tick and 15 pixels
    ' between minor ticks. This shows more minor grid lines on the chart.
    c.xAxis().setTickDensity(75, 15)

    ' Set the axes width to 2 pixels
    c.xAxis().setWidth(2)
    c.yAxis().setWidth(2)

    ' Set the x-axis label format
    c.xAxis().setLabelFormat("{value|hh:nn:ss}")

    ' Create a line layer to plot the lines
    Dim layer As LineLayer = c.addLineLayer2()

    ' The x-coordinates are the timeStamps.
    layer.setXData(timeStamps)

    ' The 3 data series are used to draw 3 lines. Here we put the latest data values as part of the
    ' data set name, so you can see them updated in the legend box.
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries1, &Hff0000, c.formatValue(dataSeries1(UBound(dataSeries1)), _
        "Alpha: <*bgColor=FFCCCC*> {value|2} "))
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries2, &H00cc00, c.formatValue(dataSeries2(UBound(dataSeries2)), _
        "Beta: <*bgColor=CCFFCC*> {value|2} "))
    layer.addDataSet(dataSeries3, &H0000ff, c.formatValue(dataSeries3(UBound(dataSeries3)), _
        "Gamma: <*bgColor=CCCCFF*> {value|2} "))

    ' Output the chart
    viewer.Image = c.makeWebImage(Chart.PNG)

End Sub

'
' Page Load event handler
'
Private Sub Page_Load(sender As System.Object, e As System.EventArgs)

    ' Draw chart using the most update data
    drawChart(WebChartViewer1)

    ' If is streaming request, output the chart immediately and terminate the page
    If WebChartViewer.IsStreamRequest(Page) Then
        WebChartViewer1.StreamChart()
    End If

End Sub

</script>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Simple Realtime Chart</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="cdjcv.js"></script>
</head>
<body style="margin:0px">
<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0">
    <tr>
        <td align="right" colspan="2" style="background:#000088; color:#ffff00; padding:0px 4px 2px 0px;">
            <a style="color:#FFFF00; font:italic bold 10pt Arial; text-decoration:none" href="http://www.advsofteng.com/">
                Advanced Software Engineering
            </a>
        </td>
    </tr>
    <tr valign="top">
        <td style="width:130px; background:#c0c0ff; border-right:black 1px solid; border-bottom:black 1px solid;">
            <br />
            <br />
            <div style="font:12px Verdana; padding:10px;">
                <b>Update Period</b><br />
                <select id="UpdatePeriod" style="width:110px">
                    <option value="5">5</option>
                    <option value="10" selected="selected">10</option>
                    <option value="20">20</option>
                    <option value="30">30</option>
                    <option value="60">60</option>
                </select>
                <br /><br /><br />
                <b>Time Remaining</b><br />
                <div style="width:108px; border:#888888 1px inset;">
                    <div style="margin:3px" id="TimeRemaining">0</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </td>
        <td>
            <div style="font: bold 20pt Arial; margin:5px 0px 0px 5px;">
                Simple Realtime Chart
            </div>
            <hr style="border:solid 1px #000080" />
            <div style="padding:0px 5px 5px 10px">
                <chart:WebChartViewer id="WebChartViewer1" runat="server" />
            </div>
        </td>
    </tr>
</table>
<script type="text/javascript">

//
// Executes once every second to update the countdown display. Updates the chart when the countdown reaches 0.
//
function timerTick()
{
    // Get the update period and the time left
    var updatePeriod = parseInt(document.getElementById("UpdatePeriod").value);
    var timeLeft = Math.min(parseInt(document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML), updatePeriod) - 1;

    if (timeLeft == 0)
        // Can update the chart now
        JsChartViewer.get('<%=WebChartViewer1.ClientID%>').streamUpdate();
    else if (timeLeft < 0)
        // Reset the update period
        timeLeft += updatePeriod;

    // Update the countdown display
    document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML = timeLeft;
}
window.setInterval("timerTick()", 1000);

</script>
</body>
</html>

[ASP.NET MVC - Controller] NetMvcCharts\Controllers\RealtimedemoController.cs
using System;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using ChartDirector;

namespace NetMvcCharts.Controllers
{
    public class RealtimedemoController : Controller
    {
        //
        // Draw the chart
        //
        private void drawChart(RazorChartViewer viewer)
        {
            //
            // Data to draw the chart. In this demo, the data buffer will be filled by a random data
            // generator. In real life, the data is probably stored in a buffer (eg. a database table, a
            // text file, or some global memory) and updated by other means.
            //

            // We use a data buffer to emulate the last 240 samples.
            int sampleSize = 240;
            double[] dataSeries1 = new double[sampleSize];
            double[] dataSeries2 = new double[sampleSize];
            double[] dataSeries3 = new double[sampleSize];
            DateTime[] timeStamps = new DateTime[sampleSize];

            // Our pseudo random number generator
            DateTime firstDate = DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(-timeStamps.Length);
            for(int i = 0; i < timeStamps.Length; ++i) {
                timeStamps[i] = firstDate.AddSeconds(i);
                double p = timeStamps[i].Ticks / 10000000;
                dataSeries1[i] = Math.Cos(p * 2.1) * 10 + 1 / (Math.Cos(p) * Math.Cos(p) + 0.01) + 20;
                dataSeries2[i] = 100 * Math.Sin(p / 27.7) * Math.Sin(p / 10.1) + 150;
                dataSeries3[i] = 100 * Math.Cos(p / 6.7) * Math.Cos(p / 11.9) + 150;
            }

            // Create an XYChart object 600 x 270 pixels in size, with light grey (f4f4f4) background,
            // black (000000) border, 1 pixel raised effect, and with a rounded frame.
            XYChart c = new XYChart(600, 270, 0xf4f4f4, 0x000000, 0);
            c.setRoundedFrame();

            // Set the plotarea at (55, 62) and of size 520 x 175 pixels. Use white (ffffff) background.
            // Enable both horizontal and vertical grids by setting their colors to grey (cccccc). Set
            // clipping mode to clip the data lines to the plot area.
            c.setPlotArea(55, 62, 520, 175, 0xffffff, -1, -1, 0xcccccc, 0xcccccc);
            c.setClipping();

            // Add a title to the chart using 15pt Times New Roman Bold Italic font, with a light grey
            // (dddddd) background, black (000000) border, and a glass like raised effect.
            c.addTitle("Field Intensity at Observation Satellite", "Times New Roman Bold Italic", 15
                ).setBackground(0xdddddd, 0x000000, Chart.glassEffect());

            // Add a legend box at the top of the plot area with 9pt Arial Bold font. We set the legend
            // box to the same width as the plot area and use grid layout (as opposed to flow or top/down
            // layout). This distributes the 3 legend icons evenly on top of the plot area.
            LegendBox b = c.addLegend2(55, 33, 3, "Arial Bold", 9);
            b.setBackground(Chart.Transparent, Chart.Transparent);
            b.setWidth(520);

            // Configure the y-axis with a 10pt Arial Bold axis title
            c.yAxis().setTitle("Intensity (V/m)", "Arial Bold", 10);

            // Configure the x-axis to auto-scale with at least 75 pixels between major tick and 15
            // pixels between minor ticks. This shows more minor grid lines on the chart.
            c.xAxis().setTickDensity(75, 15);

            // Set the axes width to 2 pixels
            c.xAxis().setWidth(2);
            c.yAxis().setWidth(2);

            // Set the x-axis label format
            c.xAxis().setLabelFormat("{value|hh:nn:ss}");

            // Create a line layer to plot the lines
            LineLayer layer = c.addLineLayer2();

            // The x-coordinates are the timeStamps.
            layer.setXData(timeStamps);

            // The 3 data series are used to draw 3 lines. Here we put the latest data values as part of
            // the data set name, so you can see them updated in the legend box.
            layer.addDataSet(dataSeries1, 0xff0000, c.formatValue(dataSeries1[dataSeries1.Length - 1],
                "Alpha: <*bgColor=FFCCCC*> {value|2} "));
            layer.addDataSet(dataSeries2, 0x00cc00, c.formatValue(dataSeries2[dataSeries2.Length - 1],
                "Beta: <*bgColor=CCFFCC*> {value|2} "));
            layer.addDataSet(dataSeries3, 0x0000ff, c.formatValue(dataSeries3[dataSeries3.Length - 1],
                "Gamma: <*bgColor=CCCCFF*> {value|2} "));

            // Output the chart
            viewer.Image = c.makeWebImage(Chart.PNG);
        }

        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            RazorChartViewer viewer = ViewBag.Viewer = new RazorChartViewer(HttpContext, "chart1");

            // Draw chart using the most update data
            drawChart(viewer);

            // If is streaming request, output the chart only
            if (RazorChartViewer.IsStreamRequest(Request)) {
                return File(viewer.StreamChart(), Response.ContentType);
            }

            return View();
        }
    }
}

[ASP.NET MVC - View] NetMvcCharts\Views\Realtimedemo\Index.cshtml
@{ Layout = null; }

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Simple Realtime Chart</title>
    @Scripts.Render("~/Scripts/cdjcv.js")
</head>
<body style="margin:0px">
<table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="0">
    <tr>
        <td align="right" colspan="2" style="background:#000088; color:#ffff00; padding:0px 4px 2px 0px;">
            <a style="color:#FFFF00; font:italic bold 10pt Arial; text-decoration:none" href="http://www.advsofteng.com/">
                Advanced Software Engineering
            </a>
        </td>
    </tr>
    <tr valign="top">
        <td style="width:130px; background:#c0c0ff; border-right:black 1px solid; border-bottom:black 1px solid;">
            <br />
            <br />
            <div style="font:12px Verdana; padding:10px;">
                <b>Update Period</b><br />
                <select id="UpdatePeriod" style="width:110px">
                    <option value="5">5</option>
                    <option value="10" selected="selected">10</option>
                    <option value="20">20</option>
                    <option value="30">30</option>
                    <option value="60">60</option>
                </select>
                <br /><br /><br />
                <b>Time Remaining</b><br />
                <div style="width:108px; border:#888888 1px inset;">
                    <div style="margin:3px" id="TimeRemaining">0</div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </td>
        <td>
            <div style="font: bold 20pt Arial; margin:5px 0px 0px 5px;">
                Simple Realtime Chart
            </div>
            <hr style="border:solid 1px #000080" />
            <div style="padding:0px 5px 5px 10px">
                <!-- ****** Here is the chart viewer ****** -->
                @Html.Raw(ViewBag.Viewer.RenderHTML())
            </div>
        </td>
    </tr>
</table>
<script type="text/javascript">

//
// Executes once every second to update the countdown display. Updates the chart when the countdown reaches 0.
//
function timerTick()
{
    // Get the update period and the time left
    var updatePeriod = parseInt(document.getElementById("UpdatePeriod").value);
    var timeLeft = Math.min(parseInt(document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML), updatePeriod) - 1;

    if (timeLeft == 0)
        // Can update the chart now
        JsChartViewer.get('@ViewBag.Viewer.ID').streamUpdate();
    else if (timeLeft < 0)
        // Reset the update period
        timeLeft += updatePeriod;

    // Update the countdown display
    document.getElementById("TimeRemaining").innerHTML = timeLeft;
}
window.setInterval("timerTick()", 1000);

</script>
</body>
</html>